Liquified natural Gas (LNG) for Germany

LNG (Liqui­fied Nat­ur­al Gas) offers the pos­si­bil­i­ty to trans­port nat­ur­al gas by ship from pro­duc­er coun­tries all over the world to Ger­many.


Many argu­ments sup­port the real­i­sa­tion of an LNG land­ing ter­mi­nal in Ger­many and espe­cial­ly in Wil­helmshaven. A land­ing ter­mi­nal con­tributes sig­nif­i­cant­ly  to improv­ing the secu­ri­ty of sup­ply with nat­ur­al gas and the afford­abil­i­ty of a sus­tain­able ener­gy sup­ply for many decades. More­over, nat­ur­al gas makes an impor­tant con­tri­bu­tion to the reduc­tion of green­house gas emis­sions.

LNG land­ing ter­mi­nals can be con­struct­ed either on land or as a float­ing unit.

A float­ing ter­mi­nal – Float­ing Stor­age and Regasi­fi­ca­tion Unit FSRU – as planned for Wil­helmshaven, can be real­ized most eco­nom­i­cal­ly and quick­ly.

Time Schedule

Togeth­er with var­i­ous part­ners Uniper is work­ing inten­sive­ly on the real­i­sa­tion of the ter­mi­nal project in Wil­helmshaven.  In 2018, Uniper began to mar­ket the capac­i­ty and to design the FSRU in detail. All nec­es­sary approval process­es have already been ini­ti­at­ed so that the LNG ter­mi­nal can be ready for oper­a­tion in the sec­ond half of 2022.

Why LNG?

LNG serves to diver­si­fy gas sources for the Euro­pean mar­kets and thus strength­ens the secu­ri­ty of gas sup­ply in Ger­many and Europe.

Gas as a part­ner in the ener­gy tran­si­tion will con­tin­ue to play an impor­tant role in our ener­gy mix in the future: both in pow­er gen­er­a­tion as well as in the indus­try, in the heat­ing mar­ket and in the trans­port sec­tor.

As nat­ur­al gas pro­duc­tion in Europe con­tin­ues to decline sig­nif­i­cant­ly, the need to import nat­ur­al gas will increase sig­nif­i­cant­ly in the com­ing decades. LNG will cov­er a sub­stan­tial part of this addi­tion­al import demand.

For the ben­e­fit of the end con­sumer, addi­tion­al sources of sup­ply serve to strength­en price com­pe­ti­tion in the gas mar­kets.

Why Wilhemshaven?

FSRU-project Wilhelmshaven at a glance

Project features

  • FSRU loca­tion: Jade Bay, only Ger­man deep­wa­ter port
  • Capac­i­ty of FSRU: up to 10 bcm/a nom­i­nal send-out; 263,000 m³ of stor­age capac­i­ty
  • Onshore pipeline: only 30 km to be built in main­ly agri­cul­tur­al set­ting
  • Project sched­ule: could be ready to oper­ate in 2023

Strategic importance of the project

  • The devel­op­ment of an infra­struc­ture for liq­ue­fied nat­ur­al gas – LNG – with a land­ing ter­mi­nal in Wil­helmshaven will con­nect Ger­many much bet­ter to the glob­al gas mar­kets than before. This strength­ens com­pe­ti­tion between glob­al gas sources and is ben­e­fi­cial to the end con­sumer in Ger­many.
  • The Ger­man government’s coali­tion agree­ment also con­tains the devel­op­ment of an LNG infra­struc­ture in Ger­many.
  • FSRU pro­vides com­pet­i­tive access to the liq­uid gas mar­kets in North­west Europe to allow for devel­op­ment of liq­ue­fac­tion projects.

Pipeline network & infrastructure

  • Wil­helmshaven is Germany’s only deep water port and can be reached by LNG tankers of any size with­out tidal restric­tions. The loca­tion is close to the exist­ing pipeline and gas stor­age infra­struc­ture.
  • The exist­ing infra­struc­ture and approvals will speed up the devel­op­ment of the project.

FSRU and pipeline engineering

  • FSRU provider will be MOL (Mit­sui O.S.K. Lines)
  • The Project engi­neer­ing of the pipeline con­nec­tion to be build is cov­ered by a very expe­ri­enced in-house team togeth­er with exter­nal con­sul­tants


The loca­tion of Wil­helmshaven is the best solu­tion for an LNG ter­mi­nal in Ger­many:

The LNG tankers can berth in accor­dance with inter­na­tion­al stan­dards. Fur­ther­more, Wil­helmshaven is Germany’s only deep-water port. LNG tankers of all sizes can reach the facil­i­ty inde­pen­dent­ly of tides. In addi­tion, the ide­al mar­itime loca­tion allows LNG tankers to moor and dock with­out  hin­der­ing traf­fic to oth­er major ports.

There is an urban devel­op­ment agree­ment with the neigh­bour­ing munic­i­pal­i­ty of Wanger­land that enables indus­try and tourism to coex­ist.

The required pipeline con­nec­tion to the near­by nat­ur­al gas pipeline Netra will main­ly cross agri­cul­tur­al land.

The pre-con­di­tions for a lat­er land­side expan­sion of the ter­mi­nal for up to 40 bcm/a are already avail­able.

The local econ­o­my will be strength­ened by the con­struc­tion of the ter­mi­nal and the accom­pa­ny­ing indus­try. The estab­lish­ment of an FSRU will allow Wil­helmshaven and the region of Fries­land to fos­ter its role as an ener­gy hub in North­west­ern Europe.



FSRU – What is an FSRU?
  • An FSRU is a float­ing stor­age facil­i­ty in which LNG, i.e. nat­ur­al gas, in its liqui­fied form, is con­vert­ed back to gas. After­wards the gas is fed into the grid and deliv­ered to the con­sumer.
  • An FSRU allows Ger­many to be con­nect­ed to the LNG world mar­ket at sig­nif­i­cant­ly low­er costs than the con­struc­tion of an onshore ter­mi­nal.

  • The FSRU tech­nol­o­gy is com­mon­ly used in the LNG indus­try. World­wide, more than 30 FSRUs are already in use and oth­ers are under con­struc­tion.

The invest­ment costs for an FSRU are sig­nif­i­cant­ly low­er than those for the alter­na­tive con­cept of a land-based ter­mi­nal. Fur­ther­more, the time for imple­men­ta­tion is much short­er.

The design of the FSRU in Wil­helmshaven offers the pos­si­bil­i­ty to use LNG as an envi­ron­men­tal­ly friend­ly fuel for ship­ping. The sup­ply of LNG fuelling sta­tions for heavy goods traf­fic is fore­seen by the planned facil­i­ty. The excel­lent infra­struc­tur­al con­nec­tion to the trans­port net­work also facil­i­tates the onward trans­port of LNG on land (e.g. for the trans­port of LNG to fill­ing sta­tions).


Technical Details of an FSRU incl. capacity


  • The FSRU will ful­fil cor­re­spond­ing inter­na­tion­al stan­dards and reg­u­la­tions (IMO, MARPOL, SIGTTO, etc.)
  • The FSRU is designed to oper­ate for 20 years with­out dry-dock­ing.

FSRU Wilhelmshaven

  • Length / Breadth / Draught: 345.0 m  / 55.0 m  / 12.0 m
  • LNG-Tank vol­ume: 263,000 m³
  • Base send-out rate: 1,000mmscf/d (1.1 mil­lion m³/h)
  • Peak send-out rate: 1,250mmscf/d (1.4 mil­lion m³/h)


FSRU – more details

  • The FSRU will be per­ma­nent­ly moored to the jet­ty.
  • Flex­i­ble hoses con­nect the FSRU and sup­ply­ing LNG car­ri­er. The expect­ed load­ing rate will be 10,000 m³/h LNG.
  • The dura­tion of the dis­charge oper­a­tion is sim­i­lar to the one of a land based LNG Ter­mi­nal.
  • Regasi­fi­ca­tion will take place onboard, with sea­wa­ter as the source of heat.
  • Nat­ur­al gas will be dis­charged from the FSRU via three dis­charge arms and then trans­port­ed to gas mea­sure­ment sta­tion using one pipeline.
  • The FSRU will be able to load LNG onto bunker barges via the reg­u­lar man­i­folds as well as an addi­tion­al set of man­i­folds designed for the small­est barges aim­ing e.g. at inland water ways.
  • Up to five truck load­ing bays are fore­seen to enable the onward trans­porta­tion of LNG via road or rail.


Partners/interested parties

Dis­cus­sions with inter­est­ed mar­ket par­tic­i­pants about the long-term book­ing of capac­i­ties at the ter­mi­nal progress well.

With Mit­sui O.S.K. Lines (MOL), Uniper already has an expe­ri­enced and reli­able part­ner at its side. As part of the project, MOL intends to own, oper­ate and finance the FSRU.


Why is Uniper engaged in the FSRU project Wilhelmshaven?

Uniper is one of the largest gas com­pa­nies in Europe and has the tech­ni­cal and com­mer­cial exper­tise to imple­ment the project togeth­er with strong part­ners. Since more than 15 years Uniper is active in the LNG busi­ness.

Uniper is well posi­tioned in Europe along the entire gas val­ue chain.


There is no oth­er com­pa­ny in Ger­many that oper­ates at so many lev­els of the LNG val­ue chain.

Uniper’s  LNG port­fo­lio is on a steep growth track, with trans­port capac­i­ties and inter­na­tion­al LNG pro­cure­ment projects. Fur­ther­more, the LNG trad­ing busi­ness has grown strong­ly in recent years.

More­over, with its sub­sidiary Liqvis, Uniper is active in the field of LNG mobil­i­ty in heavy goods traf­fic.


Why MOL as a partner?

MOL is a Japan­ese trans­port com­pa­ny found­ed in 1964.

Through­out its long­stand­ing his­to­ry, MOL has grown into one of the world’s largest full – line marine trans­port groups.

MOL is one of the lead­ing play­ers in the LNG ship­ping indus­try.

In 2017, MOL built the world’s largest FSRU: The FSRU Chal­lenger (Turkey) – owned and oper­at­ed by MOL. It rep­re­sents the basis of the design for the FSRU Wil­helmshaven.

Open Season process

In May 2019 LNG Ter­mi­nal Wil­helmshaven GmbH (“LTW”) inves­ti­gat­ed mar­ket par­tic­i­pants’ inter­est in the LNG ter­mi­nal project in Wil­helmshaven in a so-called Open Sea­son process.

LTW, based in Wil­helmshaven, is a whol­ly-owned sub­sidiary of Uniper Glob­al Com­modi­ties SE. LTW will con­tin­ue the ini­tia­tive kicked off by Uniper to real­ize the first LNG import ter­mi­nal in Ger­many at the present loca­tion.